Wilhelm Eduard Weber, (born Oct. 24, 1804, Wittenberg, Ger. - died June 23, 1891, Gottingen), German physicist who, with his friend Carl Friedrich Gauss, investigated terrestrial magnetism and in 1833 devised an electromagnetic telegraph. The magnetic unit, termed a weber, formerly the coulomb, is named after him.
Weber was educated at Halle and later at Gottingen, where he was appointed professor of physics in 1831. He was professor at the University of Leipzig from 1843 to 1849, and he then returned to Gottingen and became director of the astronomical observatory there. He played an important role in the development of electrical science, particularly by his work to establish a system of absolute electrical units. Gauss had introduced a logical arrangement of units for magnetism involving the basic units of mass, length, and time.
He received many honors from England, France, and Germany, among which were the title of Geheimrat (privy councilor) and the Copley Medal of the Royal Society. Many of his extensive articles are in the six volumes of "Resultate aus den Beobachtungen des magnetischen Vereins" (1837-43), edited by himself and Gauss.
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