Ohmmeter is an instrument for measuring electrical resistance, which is expressed in ohms.
The ohmmeter is used to perform the following tasks and several other useful functions:
- 1. Measure the resistance of individual or combined elements.
- 2. Detect open-circuit (high-resistance) and short-circuit (lower-resistance)
- 3. Check the continuity of network connections and identify wires of
a multilead cable.
- 4. Test some semiconductor (electronic) devices.
Fig.no.1: (a) Measuring the resistance of a single element. (b) Checking the continuity of a connection. (c) Identifying the leads of a multi-lead cable.
In general, the resistance of a resistor can be
measured by simply connecting the two leads of the meter across the
resistor, as shown in Fig.no.1(a). There is no need to be concerned about
which lead goes on which end; the result is the same in either case since
resistors offer the same resistance to the flow of charge (current) in
When measuring the resistance of a single resistor, it is usually best to remove
the resistor from the network before making the measurement. If this is
difficult or impossible, at least one end of the resistor must not be connected
to the network, otherwise the reading may include the effects of
the other elements of the system.